Spinal Cord Analyzer

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Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention. Medical imaging seeks to reveal internal structures hidden by the skin and bones, as well as to diagnose and treat disease.

As a discipline and in its widest sense, it is part of biological imaging and incorporates radiology which uses the imaging technologies of X-ray radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, medical ultrasonography or ultrasound, endoscopy, elastography, tactile imaging, thermography, medical photography and nuclear medicine functional imaging techniques as positron emission tomography.

A subset of this technique is Spinal Cord analysis, but it is a major project when considered individually and involves various modules. Prior to any medical treatment of an ailment the accurate diagnosis is the prerequisite for it. The better is the diagnosis the better is the treatment. Spinal Cord injuries are diagnosed with a great ease by implementing medical imaging.

This project was developed to represent information, of the spinal cord in 2D that was given in an encapsulated form in 3D space.

It enabled 3D visualization of the spinal cord input images powered by features like 3D rotation and zooming.

For the successful working of the project, suitable image filtering techniques were adopted. Image filtering techniques remove noise from images so that image processing algorithm can work effectively. Noise is generally added up during the image is obtaining from image input devices or while transmit image on computer networks. Pixel value in image obtained by image input devices that does not reflect the actual intensity from real scene creates noise in digital image. In order to recover original image noise should be removed. Hence the concept of image filtering is introduced.

Once the noise from the image is reduced a clearer picture is obtained. This clear image of the spinal cord of the patients will help the Doctors to diagnose the patient accurately and hence will lead to a better treatment and ultimately good health.